The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is for all who love adventures one of the most popular hikes in Peru and even in the world – there are no two ways about it. Haku Travel is proud of offering an unique hike surrounded by spectacular landscapes in the heart of Andean mountains, the perfect mix of mountain range and rain forest, so that you, friends, might truly enjoy the trip from the very beginning until the end. There doesn’t exist another natural trail on our planet that leads you to an impressive ecological world combining snowy mountain peaks, distant rivers and an enormous variety of flora and fauna. In addition to those wonderful natrual spectacles it is absolutely worth visiting the Inca constructions. The architectural art is meshing perfectly with the natural environment.
Here you will get all useful information about history, all sites your are passing on the Inca Trail and what you should bring.

Inca Trail History

The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is part of a trail system of more than 30,000 kilometers which includes the vast net of Tawantinsuyo, starting in southern of Colombia leading to the centre of Chile, passing Quito in Ecuador, Cajamarca, Huanuco, Jauja, Huamanga and Cusco in Peru, La Paz and Cochabamba in Bolivia as well as Salta and Tucumán in Argentina. Those paths are mainly leading along the coast and mountain ranges and in a few cases they even reach the Amazon jungle as it is the case on the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu.
Hiking this Andin Trail creates unforgettable memories. The paved road inludes rock fragments and … stairs, tunnels and bridges out of wood in order to cross rivers, deep valleys, the humid cloud forests and chilly Andine altitude. All this together makes the visitor meditating of the intelligence and the spritituall extent of the Andin’s human whose greatest achievement was the Inca civilisation.
The part known as Inca Trail is just a small section within a huge communincation system in the whole territory created by the Incas. This important section unifies different sites between Ollantaytambo y Machu Picchu where the variety of arquitectural buildings can be admired, given rationality, importance and last but not least mystery to the ancient imperial trail.

Useful Information

Cusco has two main seasons within a year. The rainy season starts in November and ends up in March, during these months the temperature raises from 12°C to 18°C. The dry period starts in April and lasts until the month of October, in this season the temperature during the night and morning falls down to 4°C to 8°C and during the day the temperature raises up from 12°C to 20°C. During the Inca hike to Machu Picchu the climate is very changeable, from semi-tropical climate, warm and humid days and cold nights over to cold and dry climate at the highest points everything is possible. You should be well prepared and take precautions. The most humid period on the Inca Trail is between January and March.
The route of the Incal Trail depends on different approaches of the hike: the classic Inca Trail of a 4-days walk starts at km 88 belong the railway Cusco – Machu Picchu Pueblo, this tour will be an around 39 kilometers and four-days walk to the ancient city of Machu Picchu. An alternative route is the short Inca Trail within 2 days. This tour starts at km 104 belong the same railway line, a two-days walk to the ancient city of Machu Picchu.
Usually you take the train at station Poroy or station Ollantaytambo which leads you to the Inca Trail. Most excursions start at the train station Ollantaytambo. The tourist train services can be used by Backbackers and visitors, furthermore the Inca service includes local trains such as “Tren Social” and “Social Cerrojo”. At point km 88 (Qorihuayrachina) starts the classic Inca Trail of a 4-days walk to Machu Picchu. At point km 104 starts the short Inca Trail of a 2-days walk.
The Inca Trail is declared as patrimonial cultural heritage by UNESCO .
This decision was made after having proofed the length of the Inca Trail of about 60,000 km which makes the Trail inconceivable valuable. In addition the commitee checked four criteria until the nomination was acccomplished. Thus the Inca Trail was built by exceptional ingeneers and consists of unique architecture which has to be kept up and restored for all who come to visit the heritage.
It is worth mentioning that just 30,000 km of the total length of 60,000 km have been explored yet. Only in this discovered part are already 273 archaeological sites located that are declared as world heritages.
The Inca Trail is part of the ancient city Machu Picchu which is according to “Instito Nacional de Reserva Naturales” (INRENA) protected area. Every visitor has to respect the rules that prohibit the following: dumping waste, dammaging trees and plants, taking or collecting stones of the ruins and the trail, collecting plants, killing animals, making open fire and camping in the Inca ruins (only authorized camping sites may be used).

Attractions of the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu

This is the starting point of our hike. After the point of control we will pass at some terraces and we will have a warm climate.
An archaeological site in Peru which is located in the region of Cusco, province of Urubamba, Machupicchu district. It is situated southeast of the archaeological site Machu Picchu, at the junction of Kusichaka River and Willkanuta River in a mountain called Patallaqta
The fortress Runkurakay (Quechua) was a place to rest and where to get basic alimentation (“Tambo”). Strategic vision around the Inca Trail after Machu Picchu.
The ruins are located on 3,720 m abouth sea level (12,200 ft) near the pass “Abra de Runkurakay” (3,970 m / 13,000 ft). The building consists of two circularly walls. Historians say the ruins must have been a place (Tambo) where Inca messengers would stop over for food and rest for a while due to dormitorios and stables for animals.
Is an archaeological site located in Cusco region, province of Urubamba, Machupicchu district. It is situated southeast of the archaeologic zone of Runkuraqay.
(Quechua for “forever young”) is an Inca ruin along the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu. It is built into a steep hillside overlooking the Urubamba River. The site consists of upper and lower house complexes connected by a staircase and fountain structures. Above and below the houses the people built areas of agricultural terraces.
Means “Sun door” and is the entrance to Machu Picchu coming from the Inca Trail. You are able to see the sunrise over the whole Mountains by the city of Machu Picchu.
Intipata unifies the Andean Incas and the fortress. It is located between the archaeological site Wiñaywayna and Intipunku
This is a mystic place within an overwhelming natural atmosphere where does exist a high variety of orchids, birds and gorgeous landscape.

Inca Trail Recommendations

  1. Use comfortable trekking or walking shoes.
  2. Drink a lot of water while walking.
  3. If you travel during rainy season bring waterproof clothes or changing clothes.
  4. Photo camera.
  5. Mosquito spray and sunscreen.
  6. Flashlight and knife.
  7. Personal drugs and first-aid kit (tapes, bandages, aspirin, alcohol, pills for stomach trouble, drugs for altitude sickness).
  8. Water bottle and pills for water desinfection.
  9. Dry fruits, chocolate and sweets.
  10. Gloves, scarf and hat, cap or bonnie.

Due to a hiking tour in peruvian Andean Mountains, do not forget taking all neccessary precautions in order to avoid altitude sickness. Assure yourself to drink hot tee or an infusion of coca leaves as soon as you feel the altitude. Walk steady the first day and eat light food
Maximum altitude on Inca Trail:
>Machu Picchu: 2,400 m / 7,874 ft
>Valle de Urubamba: 2,850 m / 9,350 ft
>Inca Trail (highest peak): 4,200 m / 13,780 ft